Science and Technology Policies
 
 
Science and technology policies can facilitate and accelerate bringing technology to market and changing ideas to wealth and taking advantage of technology. Technological development policies can reduce production costs, improve production quality and increase the variety and suitability of products and services, and finally exchanging products and services leads to increasing production (GDP) in the domestic and export markets. These policies can help strengthen the relationship between university, industry and government.
 
In addition, implementation of policies for development of science and technology in the country through strengthening the knowledge-based firms, R&D units in industry, research institutes and other institutions of science and technology such as research management and supporting institutions, supporting funds and foundations, S&T parks, etc., play an important role in increasing employment of graduates.
 
The capacities and advantages of the country for development of science and technology policies include:
 
- Active and influential centers for development of science and technology policies, including “Planning and Policy-Making Executive Council of  the National Scientific Roadmap”, “Vice Presidency for Science and Technology”, “Scientific; Cultural and Social Commission of the Expediency Discernment Council of the System”, “Technology Studies Institute”, “Iran Technology Analysts Network”, “Research Centre for Scientific; Technological; and Industrial Policy Making of Sharif University of Technology”, “Iranian Association for Management of Technology”, and other scientific, academic and research centers and institutions;
 
- Active and talented human resources, elites and researchers;
 
- Establishment of academic courses such as technology management, and science and technology policy-making;
 
Some of the achievements in science and technology policies are:
 
- Compiling andenacting the “National Scientific Roadmap”, “General Science and Technology Policies of the Islamic Republic of Iran”, the “Law for Supporting Knowledge–Based Firms”, etc.;
 
-  Establishment and development of “Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council”;
 
-  Establishing and supporting the “Pardis Technology Park”;
 
- Forming the “Executive Council of the National Scientific Roadmap”, and its associated councils, committees and working groups;
 
- Establishment of the “Secretariat of the Innovation Management Technical Committee” (corresponding to TC279 Committee of the International Organization for Standardization).